By Simon Hradecky, created Tuesday, Jan 2nd 2024 10:07Z, last updated Wednesday, Jan 3rd 2024 11:12Z

A JAL Japan Airlines Airbus A350-900, registration JA13XJ performing flight JL-516 from Sapporo to Tokyo Haneda (Japan) with 367 passengers and 12 crew, landed on Haneda’s runway 34R at 17:47L (08:47Z) in night time conditions but collided with a Japanese Coast Guard Dash 8-300 registration JA722A (Coast Guard code MA722) on the runway shortly after touchdown and burst into flames. The A350 came to a stop off the right hand edge of the runway about 1680 meters/5510 feet down the runway and was evacuated. All occupants were able to evacuate. The other aircraft carrying 6 people also burst into flames, 5 of the six occupants are confirmed dead. Both aircraft burned down. 14 occupants of the A359 received injuries, the captain of the Dash 8 received serious injuries. The aircraft fires were extinguished about 8 hours after the collision.

The airline reported their A350 was carrying 367 passengers (including 8 children) and 12 crew, all of them evacuated from the aircraft. In a second press release the airline reported there had been no anomaly with the aircraft prior to departure. The crew had received and read back landing clearance. After the collision and coming to a stand still three emergency slides were used to evacuate the occupants of the aircraft. The details of the accident are under investigation by the JTSB.

Japan’s Coast Guard reported their Dash 8-300 registration JA722A (Code MA722) was carrying 6 people, the captain was able to evacuate, the other 5 are currently missing. The aircraft was carrying supplies to their Niigata based where the New Year’s Earthquake struck.

Tokyo’s Metropolitan Police reported 5 of the occupants of the Dash 8 are confirmed dead.

Tokyo’s fire department reported, the captain of the DH8C received serious injuries, 17 occupants of the A359 received injuries. Later the Fire Department corrected the number to 14 injuries amongst the occupants of the A359.

Passengers of the A359 reported the landing appeared normal at first, after touchdown there was a thud and the outside lit up in orange. A first announcement was made “please calm down” followed by “do not take your luggage and do not stand up”. There was no clear announcement to evacuate, however, when other passengers stood up they also stood up and thus escaped.

Japan’s Ministry of Transport stated Haneda Airport was closed, the flights cancelled, there is no prediction when the airport will open again.

In a press conference the Ministry of Transport stated that it is under investigation whether JL-516 had been cleared to land. There was a Coast Guard aircraft on the runway causing a collision, the details of the collision are under investigation. In a graphics the Ministry showed the approximate positions of both aircraft (see below).

In the afternoon of Jan 2nd 2023 (European Time) the French BEA reported they have dispatched 4 investigators and 5 technical advisors to Tokyo to join Japan’s JTSB, who are investigating the accident. The team is expected to be on site by Jan 3rd 2024.

A number of arriving flights are being diverted to Narita Airport where the flights are being accepted one by one.



According to ATC recordings the A359 as well as a number of other aircraft departing runway 34R were handed off to Tower Frequency 118.725MHz, however, the Coast Guard DH8C was handed off to tower at 124.350MHz. JL-516, upon being handed off to tower by approach, was told by tower to “continue approach”, about 90 seconds later tower cleared the aircraft to land.

Haneda Airport resumed operations on their runways 16R/34L, 04/22 and 05/23 at about 21:30L (12:30Z) about 3:45 hours after the accident while runway 16L/34R remains closed.

On Jan 3rd 2024 Japan’s Ministry of Transport said, that the DH8C had received instructions to proceed as far as he could (editorial note: presumably to taxi to runway 05 for takeoff from that runway), the coast guard captain by his own testimony however understood this instruction as takeoff clearance, lined up runway 34R instead leading to the collision. The JTSB is investigating the occurrence.

On Jan 3rd 2024 the JTSB reported one of the black boxes of the DH8C have already been recovered, the blackboxes of the A359 are yet to be recovered.

On Jan 3rd 2024 Tokyo’s Metropolitan Police reported they too have opened an investigation for professional negligence into the accident.

Related NOTAMs:
J0019/24 NOTAMN
Q) RJJJ/QMRLC/IV/NBO/A/000/999/3533N13947E005
A) RJTT B) 2401021538 C) 2401031500 EST
E) RWY 16L/34R-CLSD DUE TO DISABLED ACFT

E5877/23 NOTAMN
Q) RJJJ/QMXLC/IV/M/A/000/999/3533N13947E005
A) RJTT B) 2401021530 C) 2401302130
D) 02 05 09 12 16 19 23 26 30 1530/2130
E) TWY C1 THRU C14-CLSD DUE TO MAINT

E0023/24 NOTAMN
Q) RJJJ/QMXLC/IV/M/A/000/999/3533N13947E005
A) RJTT B) 2401020930 C) 2401021500 EST
E) TWY C1 THRU C14-CLSD DUE TO TRBL

J0011/24 NOTAMR J0010/24
Q) RJJJ/QMRLC/IV/NBO/A/000/999/3533N13947E005
A) RJTT B) 2401021136 C) 2401021300 EST
E) ALL RWY-CLSD DUE TO DISABLED ACFT

E0025/24 NOTAMN
Q) RJJJ/QMXLC/IV/M/A/000/999/3533N13947E005
A) RJTT B) 2401021144 C) 2401021300 EST
E) TWY C(FM C1 TO C14)-CLSD DUE TO TRBL

E0026/24 NOTAMR E0024/24
Q) RJJJ/QMXLC/IV/M/A/000/999/3533N13947E005
A) RJTT B) 2401021154 C) 2401031200
E) TWY G(BTN C AND H2),G(INT OF H2)-CLSD DUE TO RESCUE OPR

E0024/24 NOTAMN
Q) RJJJ/QMXLC/IV/M/A/000/999/3533N13947E005
A) RJTT B) 2401020953 C) 2401021200
E) TWY G(BTN C AND H2),G(INT OF H2)-CLSD DUE TO RESCUE OPR

Metars:
RJTT 021000Z 32003KT 9999 R34L/P2000N R22/P2000N R34R/P2000N R05/P2000N FU BKN015 08/04 Q1016 NOSIG RMK 7SC015 A3002 1000E FU ON RWYC-MID=
RJTT 020930Z 31007KT 9999 R34L/P2000N R22/P2000N R34R/0900VP2000U R05/P2000N FU BKN015 08/04 Q1016 NOSIG=
RJTT 020900Z 33008KT 9999 FEW020 07/04 Q1016 NOSIG=
RJTT 020830Z VRB03KT 9999 FEW020 SCT090 08/04 Q1016 BECMG TL0900 30006KT=
RJTT 020800Z 13003KT 090V150 9999 FEW020 BKN090 09/05 Q1016 BECMG TL0930 30006KT RMK 1CU020 6AC090 A3000=
RJTT 020730Z 16007KT 130V190 9999 FEW020 BKN100 08/05 Q1016 NOSIG=
RJTT 020700Z 12007KT 9999 FEW030 BKN100 09/04 Q1016 NOSIG=
RJTT 020630Z 13010KT 9999 -RA FEW030 BKN070 09/04 Q1016 NOSIG=
RJTT 020600Z 14005KT 120V180 9999 -RA FEW030 SCT060 BKN080 08/03 Q1017 NOSIG=
RJTT 020530Z 12005KT 9999 -RA FEW025 SCT060 BKN080 08/02 Q1017 NOSIG=
RJTT 020500Z 09003KT 050V120 9999 -RA FEW040 BKN060 08/02 Q1017 NOSIG=
RJTT 020430Z VRB01KT 9999 -RA FEW030 BKN050 09/01 Q1018 NOSIG=
RJTT 020400Z 01003KT 310V060 9999 -RA FEW030 BKN045 09/00 Q1018 NOSIG=

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