Friday. 23th of December, 1983

– United States of America

Korean Air Lines Flight 084, a cargo flight from Anchorage International Airport (ANC/PANC), Alaska, USA, to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX/KLAX), California, operated with a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration HL7339, collided during takeoff with a SouthCentral Air Flight 59, a Piper PA-31-350 Chieftain, N35206, on runway 06L/24R at Anchorage International Airport (ANC/PANC), Alaska, USA.

Both airplanes were destroyed. The three crew onboard flight 083 and the eight occupants of flight 59 survived. (12 survivors)

The collision is the 12th loss of a DC-10.

– Details:

While taxiing out in fog, the KAL crew became disoriented and ended up on the wrong runway. During the takeoff run, the aircraft collided head-on with South Central Air Flight 59, a Piper PA-31 which was taking off from runway 06L-24R for a flight to Kenai. The 9 occupants of N35206 were injured. The DC-10 overran the runway by 1434 feet and came to rest 40 feet right of the extended centreline.

– Cause: “The failure of the pilot of Korean Air Lines Flight 084 to follow accepted procedures during taxi, which caused him to become disoriented while selecting the runway; the failure of the pilot to use the compass to confirm his position; and the decision of the pilot to take off when he was unsure that the aircraft was positioned on the correct runway. Contributing to the accident was the fog, which reduced visibility to a point that the pilot could not ascertain his position visually and the control tower personnel could not assist the pilot. Also contributing to the accident was a lack of legible taxiway and runway signs at several intersections passed by Flight 084 while it was taxiing.”

– Report: https://www.baaa-acro.com/…/files/2020-03/HL7339.pdf