48 Years ago today: On 26 January 1974 a THY Fokker F-28 crashed on takeoff from Izmir, Turkey; killing 66 out of 73 occupants.

Date:Saturday 26 January 1974
Time:ca 07:10
Type:Silhouette image of generic F28 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fokker F-28 Fellowship 1000
Operator:Türk Hava Yollari – THY
Registration:TC-JAO
MSN:11057
First flight:1972-09-05 (1 year 5 months)
Total airframe hrs:2269
Cycles:3133
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 5
Passengers:Fatalities: 62 / Occupants: 68
Total:Fatalities: 66 / Occupants: 73
Aircraft damage:Destroyed
Aircraft fate:Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Izmir-Cumaovasi Airport (ADB) (   Turkey)
Phase:Takeoff (TOF)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Izmir-Cumaovasi Airport (IZM), Turkey
Destination airport:Istanbul-Yesilköy Airport (IST/LTBA), Turkey
Flightnumber:TK301

Narrative:
The Fokker aircraft became airborne after a ground run on runway 35 of approx. 3200 feet. At a height of 8-10 m the aircraft suddenly yawed left and pitched nose-down. The aircraft contacted the ground again and struck a drainage ditch, skidded, disintegrated and caught fire.
With the conditions at the time of takeoff, the aircraft should have reached rotation speed after a ground roll of 850 m(2800 feet). From the flight data recorder it was determined that the aircraft became airborne at 124 knots after a 975 m (3200-foot) roll . The speed increased to 133 knots and then dropped to 124 knots, and the aircraft veered left.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: “The aircraft stalled on takeoff due to over rotation and frost accretion on the wings.”