44 Years ago today: On 15 March 1974 a Sterling Airways Caravelle jet caught fire when the right main gear collapsed during taxiing at Tehran-Mehrabad Airport, Iran; 15 passengers were killed.
|Date:||Friday 15 March 1974|
|Type:||Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle 10B3|
|C/n / msn:||266|
|Total airframe hrs:||13773|
|Engines:||2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9|
|Crew:||Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4|
|Passengers:||Fatalities: 15 / Occupants: 92|
|Total:||Fatalities: 15 / Occupants: 96|
|Airplane fate:||Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Location:||Tehran-Mehrabad Airport (THR) ( Iran)|
|Crash site elevation:||1208 m (3963 feet) amsl|
|Nature:||International Scheduled Passenger|
|Departure airport:||Tehran-Mehrabad Airport (THR/OIII), Iran|
|Destination airport:||København-Kastrup Airport (CPH/EKCH), Denmark|
The Caravelle was backtracking runway 29L when the crew were asked to expedite taxiing and clear the runway on the run-up area because of traffic on finals. While initiating a left turn at the end of the runway the right main gear collapsed. The right wing fuel tank ruptured and the escaping fuel ignited while the Caravelle slid for 90 m before coming to rest.
Evacuation of the aircraft was carried out through exits on the left side of the aircraft.
Causes: The right main landing gear failed as a result of the propagation of fatigue cracks in the lower right hand candelabre of RIB 44.