54 Years ago today: On 10 August 1968 a Piedmont Airlines Fairchild FH-227B crashed on an ILS approach to Charleston, WV, killing 35 out of 37 occupants.
|Date:||Saturday 10 August 1968|
|Total airframe hrs:||2197|
|Engines:||2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7|
|Crew:||Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3|
|Passengers:||Fatalities: 32 / Occupants: 34|
|Total:||Fatalities: 35 / Occupants: 37|
|Aircraft fate:||Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Location:||Charleston-Kanawha County Airport, WV (CRW) ( United States of America)|
|Nature:||Domestic Scheduled Passenger|
|Departure airport:||Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport, KY (CVG/KCVG), United States of America|
|Destination airport:||Charleston-Kanawha County Airport, WV (CRW/KCRW), United States of America|
Piedmont flight 230 was on an ILS localizer approach to Charleston-Kanawha County Airport (CRW) runway 23 when it struck trees 360 feet from the runway threshold. The aircraft continued and struck up sloping terrain (+30deg) 250 feet short in a 4-5deg nose down attitude, slightly left wing down. The Fairchild continued up the hill and on to the airport, coming to rest 6 feet beyond the threshold and 50 feet from the right edge of the runway.
A layer of dense fog (about 150 feet thick) was obscuring the threshold and about half of the approach lights. Visual conditions existed outside the fog area.
PROBABLE CAUSE: “An unrecognized loss of altitude orientation during the final portion of an approach into shallow, dense fog. The disorientation was caused by a rapid reduction in the ground guidance segment available to the pilot at a point beyond which a go-around could not be successfully effected.”